Two.andomized.ontrolled.rials compared real and sham acupuncture for the prevention and treatment of xerostomia. In the United States, training to be a licensed acupuncturist is regulated according to individual state law. Acupuncture also increases neuropeptide Y in animals suggesting it may help to reduce stress and depression  59   60 . pubbed Abstract Charlton J: Cancer pain management. Length and frequency of treatment vary according to the condition being treated. Such treatments are relatively simple and easily executed in an outpatient setting. Four of the studies were ex vino laboratory investigations using blood or tissue samples; 1 - 3, 5 the remaining study was an animal behavioural study testing the effect of acupuncture on chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. 4 The four ex vino studies suggested that acupuncture is useful in anticancer therapy either by actively stimulating immune activity or by preventing chemotherapy suppression of immune activity. 1 - 3, 5 In a study involving normal rats, electro acupuncture EA 1 Hz, 5–20 V, 1-millisecond pulse width, 2 hours applied at the point Zu-Sanli S36 for 2 hours daily on 3 consecutive days enhanced the cytotoxicity of splenic natural killer K cells compared with a stimulation of a non acupuncture control point in the abdominal muscle. 3 Another study found that K cell activity and T lymphocyte transformation rate were increased in a mouse model of transplanted mammary cancer compared with a control P < .05 after eight sessions of acupuncture and moxibustion . 2 A study involving tumour bearing mice sarcoma S180 using moxibustion to warm the acupuncture point Guanyuan CV4 once a day for 10 days found significantly increased production of erythrocytes, compared with a non treatment control. 1 The fourth ex vino oriental medicine study used a rat model to investigate the effect of EA on nerve growth factor NSF, which is associated with poly cystic ovary syndrome cos. pubbed Abstract jong DJ, Hong SA, Na AC, et al.: The effect of acupuncture on pro inflammatory cytosine production in patients with chronic headache: a preliminary report. Acupuncture is based on the belief that qi vital energy flows through the body along a network of paths, called meridians . Plinio Prioreschi, the earliest known historical record of acupuncture is the Shih-Chi “Record of History”, written by a historian around 100 BC. 29 It is believed that this text was documenting what was established practice at that time. 28 The 5,000-year-old mummified body of Ötzi the Iceman was found with 15 groups of tattoos, 266 many of which were located at points on the body where acupuncture needles are used for abdominal or lower back problems. The practitioner puts fine, stainless steel, disposable needles in through your skin. Your care team will help you determine if acupuncture is the right treatment option for you.

Are there standards for acupuncture needles? Food and Drug Administration, 2009, Sec. 880.5580. When energy is flowing freely through the meridians, the body is healthy. A needling sensation known as de qi sensation occurs, in which the patient may feel heaviness, numbness, or tingling during an acupuncture treatment. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999, pp 216-233. Additional phase III clinical trials are ongoing.

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